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Screening for TBI: The OSU TBI-ID Method

The Ohio State University Traumatic Brain Injury Identification Method (OSU TBI-ID) is a standardized procedure to elicit the lifetime history of TBI for an individual. The instrument is based on Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC; National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 2003) case definitions and recommendations for TBI surveillance.

The words commonly used for self-report of TBI (e.g., “head injury,” “traumatic brain injury,” “concussion,” “knocked out,” “loss of consciousness”) can mean different things to different people, which can affect recall of an injury (National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, 2003; Warner, Barnes & Fingerhut, 2000; Warner et al., 2005). To avoid biases created by this problem, the OSU TBI-ID first elicits recall of all injuries requiring medical attention, or that should have been treated. The method then concentrates on those injuries involving a blow to the head or neck, or high velocity forces capable of causing shear injury in the brain. For these injuries, the occurrence of altered consciousness, its nature, and age at time of injury are determined. 

OSU TBI-ID can be used for clinical, research or programmatic purposes. It may be used free of charge and without further permission from the authors as long as no changes are made to the provided version. The Short Form can typically be administered in about five minutes. Versions have been developed that vary in length; the OSU TBI-ID can be adapted for specific populations and situations. Please contact the authors if changes are required for your application. Please note that copyright protections apply for all versions of the OSU TBI-ID. More information about the OSU TBI-ID and a training module are available at: http://ohiovalley.org/tbi-id-method.